To assess the relevance of the slow acetylator phenotype based on NAT2 genotypes, among patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) that developed hepatotoxicity after first-line tuberculosis treatment in a Northeastern Mexican population.
Ninety one PTB patients were included, 7 of them developed hepatotoxicity. NAT2 SNPs (rs1801279, rs1041983, rs1801280, rs1799929, rs1799930, rs1208, and rs1799931) were genotyped by TaqMan allelic discrimination assay. Statistical analyses were performed using Epi Info statistical software 7.0 and SHEsisPlus for haplotype reconstruction. The NAT2 slow non-synonymous SNP were studied by molecular dynamic analysis (MDA).
The frequency of the haplotype associated with slow acetylation status for PTB was 58%, and for with hepatotoxicity (PTB-H) represented 42.6%. Three haplotypes, NAT2*5Q, NAT2*5U, NAT2*5Va were exclusively present in seven PTB-H patients, (P=0.01, P=0.0006, P=0.01, respectively). These haplotypes include the combination of two SNPs (I114T+R197Q or I114T+G286E). The effect of the SNPs on protein structure is to disrupt the CoA binding site affecting acetylation activity.
Our study provides insight into slow acetylation NAT2 haplotypes associated with hepatotoxicity after first-line tuberculosis treatment, for first time, in a Mexican population. The molecular mechanism acts at the CoA binding site.

Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier B.V.