Advertisement

 

 

National burden of hospitalized and non-hospitalized influenza-associated severe acute respiratory illness in Kenya, 2012-2014.

National burden of hospitalized and non-hospitalized influenza-associated severe acute respiratory illness in Kenya, 2012-2014.
Author Information (click to view)

Dawa JA, Chaves SS, Nyawanda B, Njuguna HN, Makokha C, Otieno NA, Anzala O, Widdowson MA, Emukule GO,


Dawa JA, Chaves SS, Nyawanda B, Njuguna HN, Makokha C, Otieno NA, Anzala O, Widdowson MA, Emukule GO, (click to view)

Dawa JA, Chaves SS, Nyawanda B, Njuguna HN, Makokha C, Otieno NA, Anzala O, Widdowson MA, Emukule GO,

Advertisement
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedIn

Influenza and other respiratory viruses 2017 12 15() doi 10.1111/irv.12488
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Influenza-associated respiratory illness was substantial during the emergence of the 2009 influenza pandemic. Estimates of influenza burden in the post-pandemic period are unavailable to guide Kenyan vaccine policy.

OBJECTIVES
To update estimates of hospitalized and non-hospitalized influenza-associated severe acute respiratory illness (SARI) during a post-pandemic period (2012-2014) and describe the incidence of disease by narrow age categories.

METHODS
We used data from Siaya County Referral Hospital to estimate age-specific base rates of SARI. We extrapolated these base rates to other regions within the country by adjusting for regional risk factors for acute respiratory illness (ARI), regional healthcare utilization for acute respiratory illness, and the proportion of influenza-positive SARI cases in each region, so as to obtain region-specific rates.

RESULTS
The mean annual rate of hospitalized influenza-associated SARI among all ages was 21 (95% CI 19-23) per 100 000 persons. Rates of non-hospitalized influenza-associated SARI were approximately 4 times higher at 82 (95% CI 74-90) per 100 000 persons. Mean annual rates of influenza-associated SARI were highest in children <2 years of age with annual hospitalization rates of 147 (95% CI of 134-160) per 100 000 persons and non-hospitalization rates of 469 (95% CI 426-517) per 100 000 persons. For the period 2012-2014, there were between 8153 and 9751 cases of hospitalized influenza-associated SARI and 31 785-38 546 cases of non-hospitalized influenza-associated SARI per year. CONCLUSIONS
The highest burden of disease was observed among children <2 years of age. This highlights the need for strategies to prevent influenza infections in this age group.

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

16 − twelve =

[ HIDE/SHOW ]