Allergology international : official journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology 2018 03 20() pii S1323-8930(18)30011-X
Clinical trials on oral immunotherapy (OIT) have been increasing for nearly a decade; however, several national guidelines do not recommend OIT as a standardized procedure. The aim of this study was to obtain insights into the current use and practice of OIT in Japan.
A first questionnaire was mailed to 524 training and teaching facilities of the Japan Pediatric Society. The first survey requested information on the implementation of OIT, whereas the second survey aimed to gather more detailed information on OIT, such as its safety.
In total, 360 facilities (69%) responded to the survey; among them, 102 (28%) provided OIT to 7973 patients [1544 received OIT while hospitalized (inpatient OIT), whereas 6429 received OIT without hospitalization (outpatient OIT)]. Approval for OIT was obtained from an ethics committee or institutional review board in 89% and 31% of facilities for inpatient and outpatient OIT, respectively. In inpatient OIT, immediate allergic reactions requiring treatment occurred in 68% of patients while hospitalized, and in another 56%, following discharge. In contrast, 11% of patients developed immediate allergic reactions in outpatient OIT. Adrenaline injections at home were required in 2%. Sixteen patients developed adverse reactions other than immediate allergic reactions, among which eosinophilic gastroenteritis was most common.
OIT is widely provided not only as clinical research but also as general practice in Japan. However, because there is a high risk of developing anaphylaxis at home, OIT should be conducted carefully as in a clinical research setting taking safety into consideration.