This study states that Mycotic aneurysms of the abdominal aorta (MAAA) can be treated by open repair (OR) or endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). This nationwide study provides an overview of the situation of MAAA treatment in The Netherlands in 2016.

A retrospective cohort study was conducted with all centers that registered aortic abdominal aneurysms in the Dutch Surgical Aneurysm Audit in 2016. Questionnaires on 1-year outcomes were sent to all centers that treated patients with MAAA. The primary aim was to determine 30-day and 1-year mortality and morbidity of OR- and EVAR-treated patients. Morbidity was determined by the need for reoperations and the number of readmissions to the hospital. Twenty-six MAAA were detected in the Dutch Surgical Aneurysm Audit database of 2016, resulting in an incidence of 0.7% of all registered abdominal aortic aneurysms. The 30-day mortality for OR and EVAR treated patients was 1 in 13 and 0 in 13, respectively. Major and minor reinterventions within 30 days were needed for two (one OR and one EVAR) and two (one OR and one EVAR) patients, respectively. Two patients (15.4%) in the OR group and one patient (7.7%) in the EVAR group were readmitted to hospital within 30 days. In total, 1-year outcomes of 23 patients were available.

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