To investigate the effects of a single session of either peristaltic pulse dynamic leg compressions (PPDC) or local heat therapy (HT) following prolonged intermittent shuttle running on skeletal muscle glycogen content, muscle function and the expression of factors involved in skeletal muscle remodeling.
Twenty-six trained individuals were randomly allocated to either a PPDC (n=13) or a HT (n=13) group. After completing a 90-min session of intermittent shuttle running, participants consumed 0.3 g/kg protein plus 1.0 g/kg carbohydrate and received either PPDC or HT for 60 min in one randomly selected leg, while the opposite leg served as control. Muscle biopsies from both legs were obtained prior to and after exposure to the treatments. Muscle function and soreness were also evaluated before, immediately after and 24 h following the exercise bout.
The changes in glycogen content were similar (P>0.05) between the thigh exposed to PPDC and the control thigh ~90 min (Control: 14.9±34.3 vs. PPDC: 29.6±34 mmol/kg wet wt) and ~210 min (Control: 45.8±40.7 vs. PPDC: 52±25.3 mmol/kg wet wt) after the treatment. There were also no differences in the change in glycogen content between thighs ~90 min (Control: 35.9±26.1 vs. HT: 38.7±21.3 mmol/kg wet wt) and ~210 min (Control: 61.4±50.6 vs. HT: 63.4±17.5 mmol/kg wet wt) following local HT. The changes in peak torque and fatigue resistance of the knee extensors, muscle soreness and the mRNA expression and protein abundance of select factors were also similar (P>0.05) in both thighs, irrespective of the treatment.
A single 1 hr session of either PPDC or local HT does not accelerate glycogen resynthesis and the recovery of muscle function following prolonged intermittent shuttle running.

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