This study aimed to compare the risks and case fatality rate (CFR) between neonatal multidrug-resistant (MDR) and non-MDR meningitis.
a secondary analysis of a case-control studies in a Thai neonatal intensive care unit between 1990 and 2018 was performed. The pathogenic organisms causing neonatal meningitis were Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus spp., Enterobacteriaceae, Acinetobacter spp., and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. A MDR organism was defined as an isolate that was non-susceptible to at least 1 agent in at least 3 antimicrobial categories. The multivariate regression was analyzed for MDR and non-MDR samples of neonatal meningitis.
Over a period of 29 years, the number of neonatal MDR and non-MDR meningitis cases were 17 and 21, respectively. The medians (interquartile ranges) of gestational age, birthweight and onset of meningitis were 35 (29.5-38) weeks, 1,945 (1,218-2,859) grams and 6.5 (2.8-17.9) days, respectively. The most common organism was Acinetobacter baumannii (32%). By multivariate analysis, neonates who had MDR meningitis were more likely to have a lower Apgar score at 5 minutes (adjusted odds ratio: 95% confidence intervals = 0.66 [0.44-0.99], p = 0.04). The crude CFR of neonatal meningitis was 32%. Non-survivors in MDR meningitis (58.8%) were significantly higher than non-MDR meningitis (9.5%, p = 0.004). The most common pathogen in non-survivors was carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii.
Neonatal MDR meningitis has an association with lower APGAR scores, and higher CFR as well as Acinetobacter baumannii. Multifaceted infection prevention, and control programs for MDR organisms are crucial, and must be strictly implemented in high MDR areas.

Copyright (c) 2021 Anucha Thatrimontrichai, Waricha Janjindamai, Supaporn Dissaneevate, Gunlawadee Maneenil.