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Neonatal nephron loss during active nephrogenesis – detrimental impact with long-term renal consequences.

Neonatal nephron loss during active nephrogenesis – detrimental impact with long-term renal consequences.
Author Information (click to view)

Menendez-Castro C, Nitz D, Cordasic N, Jordan J, Bäuerle T, Fahlbusch FB, Rascher W, Hilgers KF, Hartner A,


Menendez-Castro C, Nitz D, Cordasic N, Jordan J, Bäuerle T, Fahlbusch FB, Rascher W, Hilgers KF, Hartner A, (click to view)

Menendez-Castro C, Nitz D, Cordasic N, Jordan J, Bäuerle T, Fahlbusch FB, Rascher W, Hilgers KF, Hartner A,

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Scientific reports 2018 03 148(1) 4542 doi 10.1038/s41598-018-22733-8
Abstract

Neonatal nephron loss may follow hypoxic-ischemic events or nephrotoxic medications. Its long-term effects on the kidney are still unclear. Unlike term infants, preterm neonates less than 36 weeks gestational age show ongoing nephrogenesis. We hypothesized that nephron loss during nephrogenesis leads to more severe renal sequelae than nephron loss shortly after the completion of nephrogenesis. Rats show nephrogenesis until day 10 of life resembling the situation of preterm infants. Animals were uninephrectomized at day 1 (UNX d1) resulting in nephron reduction during nephrogenesis and at day 14 of life (UNX d14) inducing nephron loss after the completion of nephrogenesis. 28 days after uninephrectomy the compensatory renal growth was higher in UNX d1 compared to UNX d14. Nephrin was reduced and collagen deposition increased in UNX d1. At 1 year of age, glomerulosclerosis and markers of tubulointerstitial damage were most prevalent in UNX d1. Moreover, the number of desmin-positive podocytes was higher and nephrin was reduced in UNX d1 indicating podocyte damage. Infiltration of inflammatory cells was heightened after UNX d1. Uninephrectomized animals showed no arterial hypertension. We conclude that neonatal nephron loss during active nephrogenesis leads to more severe glomerular and tubulointerstitial damage, which is not a consequence of compensatory arterial hypertension.

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