Low-intensity transcranial ultrasound stimulation (LITUS) can improve the inflammatory reaction after traumatic brain injury (TBI), and Baicalin also has a good protective effect on TBI. The purpose of this study was to observe the neuroprotective effect of LITUS combined with Baicalin intervention in the TBI rats. Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (n = 15) which were Sham control group, TBI group, LITUS group, Baicalin group, LITUS combined with Baicalin group (L-B group). The rats were scanned with 3.0 T magnetic resonance imager, and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and the fractional anisotropy (FA) of the brain injury cortical area were determined at 3 h, 1, 3, 7 and 10 d after TBI. The ADC value, FA value, neurological function score and Nissl staining were used to assess the level of brain damage of rats. The results showed that on the 10th day after TBI, the ADC values of the TBI group, the LITUS group and the Baicalin group were remarkable greater than that of the L-B group (all adjusted P < 0.05), FA values were remarkable smaller than that of the L-B group (all adjusted P < 0.05), neurological function scores were remarkable greater than that of the L-B group (all adjusted P < 0.05), and Nissl body loss rates were remarkable greater than that of the L-B group (all adjusted P < 0.001). This study indicated that compared with the LITUS group and the Baicalin group, the L-B group can more effectively reduce level of brain damage after TBI, and the method of LITUS combined with Baicalin intervention was a more effective neuroprotection for brain injury.Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc.
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