This study states that the Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been associated with inferior outcomes after lower extremity interventions. NLR has been associated with systemic inflammation and atherosclerotic burden. We examined NLR, severity of peripheral artery disease (PAD), and outcomes after endovascular or open surgical procedures. Inpatients undergoing lower extremity procedures (2008-2016) were selected from Cerner Health Facts database (Cerner Corporation, North Kansas City, Mo) using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision procedure codes. Disease severity was grouped into claudication, rest pain, and tissue loss. Outcomes were identified using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes. NLR was calculated preoperatively and postoperatively. A χ2 analysis and multivariable logistic regression were performed. A receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to determine the cutoff for preoperative (low, <3.65; high, ≥3.65) and postoperative (low, <5.96; high, ≥5.96) NLR values.
There were 3687 patients evaluated; 2183 (59%) underwent endovascular procedures and 1504 (41%) had open procedures. NLR values were higher for patients with tissue loss than for patients with rest pain or claudication (4.89, 4.33, and 3.11, respectively; P < .0001).