Cancer medicine 2017 02 09() doi 10.1002/cam4.1006
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) encodes 49 microRNAs (miRNAs) in the BART and BHRF1 regions of its genome. Although expression profiles of EBV-encoded miRNAs have been reported for EBV-positive cell lines and nasopharyngeal carcinoma, to date there is little information about total miRNA expression, including cellular and viral miRNAs, in the primary tumors of EBV-associated B-lymphoproliferative disorders. In this study, next-generation sequencing and quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR were used to determine the expression profiles of miRNAs in EBV-infected cell lines and EBV-associated B-cell lymphomas, including AIDS-related diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), pyothorax-associated lymphoma, methotrexate-associated lymphoproliferative disorder, EBV-positive DLBCL of the elderly, and Hodgkin lymphoma. Next-generation sequencing revealed that EBV-encoded miRNAs accounted for up to 34% of total annotated miRNAs in these cases. Expression of three miR-BHRF1s was significantly higher in AIDS-related DLBCL and pyothorax-associated lymphoma compared with methotrexate-associated lymphoproliferative disorder and EBV-positive DLBCL of the elderly, suggesting the association of miR-BHRF1s expression with latency III EBV infection. Heat map/clustering analysis of expression of all miRNAs, including cellular and EBV miRNAs, by next-generation sequencing demonstrated that each EBV tumor, except methotrexate-associated lymphoproliferative disorder, formed an isolated cluster. Principal component analysis based on the EBV-encoded miRNA expression showed that each EBV tumor formed a distinguished cluster, but AIDS-related DLBCL and pyothorax-associated lymphoma formed larger clusters than other tumors. These data suggest that expression of miRNAs, including EBV-encoded miRNAs, is associated with the tumor type and status of virus infection in these tumors.