Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory disease of the gut caused by a complex interplay among genetic, microbial, and environmental factors. The intestinal tract is constantly exposed to metals and other trace elements ingested as food. Synchrotron radiation-induced X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy and X-ray absorption fine structure analysis revealed the deposition of nickel particles within Crohn’s disease tissue specimens. After nickel particle stimulation, THP-1 cells showed filopodia formation and autophagic vacuoles containing lipid bodies. Nickel particles precipitated colitis in mice bearing mutations of the IBD susceptibility protein A20/TNFAIP3. Nickel particles also exacerbated dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis in mice harboring myeloid cell-specific Atg5 deficiency. These findings illustrate that nickel particle ingestion may worsen Crohn’s disease by perturbing autophagic processes in the intestine, providing new insights into environmental factors in Crohn’s disease pathogenesis.Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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