Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) have been shown to both aid and hinder tumor growth, with patient outcomes potentially hinging on the proportion of M1, pro-inflammatory/growth-inhibiting, to M2, growth-supporting, phenotypes. Strategies to stimulate tumor regression by promoting polarization to M1 are a novel approach that harnesses the immune system to enhance therapeutic outcomes, including chemotherapy. We recently found that nanotherapy with mesoporous particles loaded with albumin-bound paclitaxel (MSV-nab-PTX) promotes macrophage polarization towards M1 in breast cancer liver metastases (BCLM). However, it remains unclear to what extent tumor regression can be maximized based on modulation of the macrophage phenotype, especially for poorly perfused tumors such as BCLM. Here, for the first time, a CRISPR system is employed to permanently modulate macrophage polarization in a controlled in vitro setting. This enables the design of 3D co-culture experiments mimicking the BCLM hypovascularized environment with various ratios of polarized macrophages. We implement a mathematical framework to evaluate nanoparticle-mediated chemotherapy in conjunction with TAM polarization. The response is predicted to be not linearly dependent on the M1:M2 ratio. To investigate this phenomenon, the response is simulated via the model for a variety of M1:M2 ratios. The modeling indicates that polarization to an all-M1 population may be less effective than a combination of both M1 and M2. Experimental results with the CRISPR system confirm this model-driven hypothesis. Altogether, this study indicates that response to nanoparticle-mediated chemotherapy targeting poorly perfused tumors may benefit from a fine-tuned M1:M2 ratio that maintains both phenotypes in the tumor microenvironment during treatment.
January 31, 2020
Exploring the perspectives of healthcare professionals in delivering optimal oncology medication education.
February 13, 2020
- ASCO – Lung CancerASCO.20 Virtual Scientific Program, held May 29 - 31, brought professionals from all over the world together to hear the brightest minds in oncology present state-of-the-art treatment modalities and new therapies.
- AACR-2020The American Association for Cancer Research is the world's oldest and largest professional association related to cancer research.
- ACC 2020The American College of Cardiology decided to cancel ACC.20/WCC due to COVID-19, which was scheduled to take place March 28-30 in Chicago. However, ACC.20/WCC Virtual Meeting continues to release cutting edge science and practice changing updates for cardiovascular professionals on demand and free through June 2020.
ASCO 2019The 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting, taking place May 31-June 4 in Chicago, will bring together more than 32,000 oncology professionals from across the globe. The theme of this year’s conference is Caring for Every Patient, Learning From Every Patient.