The prevalence of pediatric pancreatitis is rising. Noninvasive imaging modalities such as ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are useful in the diagnosis, staging, follow-up, and treatment of pancreatitis in children. The study reviews the roles of noninvasive imaging in pediatric acute, acute recurrent, and chronic pancreatitis in this position paper developed by members of the Pancreas Committee of the “North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (NASPGHAN) and the Abdominal Imaging Committee of The Society for Pediatric Radiology (SPR)”.
The study examines the available evidence for noninvasive imaging, focusing on information relevant to pediatric populations, and provides joint recommendations for noninvasive imaging usage. In addition, it emphasizes the importance of study to characterize the performance and function of noninvasive imaging in pediatric pancreatitis.