Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a macular degenerative eye disease, the major cause of irreversible loss of central vision. In this review, we highlight current progress and future perspectives of novel and investigational therapeutic strategies in the drug pipeline, including anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents, bispecific antibodies, biosimilars, small molecules, gene therapy, and long-acting drug delivery strategies for both dry and wet AMD. We anticipate that biologics with dual functionalities and combined therapies with long-acting capabilities will lead the wet AMD pipeline. Sustained-release platforms also show potential. However, significant breakthroughs are yet to be made for dry AMD. The personalized approach might be well suited in the scenario of diverse genetic variations in both conditions. Teaser: AMD is the leading cause of global blindness in the developed world. This article highlights investigational therapeutics, such as antibodies, Bi-specifics, small molecules, biosimilars, gene therapy and long-acting strategies (Port Delivery System), for this condition.
Copyright © 2022. Published by Elsevier Ltd.