Advertisement

 

 

Novel Regulatory Roles of Wnt1 in Infection-Associated Colorectal Cancer.

Novel Regulatory Roles of Wnt1 in Infection-Associated Colorectal Cancer.
Author Information (click to view)

Wang J, Lu R, Fu X, Dan Z, Zhang YG, Chang X, Liu Q, Xia Y, Liu X, Sun J,


Wang J, Lu R, Fu X, Dan Z, Zhang YG, Chang X, Liu Q, Xia Y, Liu X, Sun J, (click to view)

Wang J, Lu R, Fu X, Dan Z, Zhang YG, Chang X, Liu Q, Xia Y, Liu X, Sun J,

Advertisement

Neoplasia (New York, N.Y.) 2018 04 0420(5) 499-509 pii S1476-5586(17)30585-7
Abstract

Salmonella infection is a major public health concern, and colonization in humans can be chronic and increases the risk of cancers. Wnt signaling is a key pathway for intestinal renewal and development, inflammation, and tumorigenesis. In the current study, we report a novel role of Wnt1 in infection and colon cancer using cell culture models, a Salmonella-colitis colon cancer model, and human samples. In contrast to the bacteria-induced increases in Wnt2 and Wnt11, Salmonella colonization significantly reduced the level of Wnt1 in intestinal epithelial cells in vivo and in vitro. The bacterial AvrA protein is known to activate the canonical Wnt pathway. Wnt1 expression level was downregulated by AvrA-expressing Salmonella but stabilized by AvrA-deficient Salmonella in the intestine of Salmonella-colitis mice. In a chronic Salmonella-infected cancer model, the Wnt1 protein level was decreased in the AvrA+ infected group. Thus, we further assessed the functional role of Wnt1 downregulation in the inflammatory response and colorectal cancer (CRC) progression. Moreover, downregulation of Wnt1 by the Crispr-Cas9 method promoted cancer cell invasion and migration. Interestingly, we found that Wnt1 was downregulated in human CRC tissue, and Wnt1 downregulation may be correlated with cancer progression. Our study provides insights into mechanisms by which enteric bacteria regulate Wnt1 expression and potentially contribute to infection-associated colon cancer.

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

9 − seven =

[ HIDE/SHOW ]