Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for November 2018. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Bone Indices on CT Scan Predict Fracture Risk in Older Adults
FRIDAY, Nov. 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) — High-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) indices improve prediction of fracture beyond bone mineral density and Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) scores in older adults, according to a study published online Nov. 28 in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.
Persistent Back Pain Linked to Earlier Mortality in Older Women
THURSDAY, Nov. 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) — Frequent persistent back pain is associated with increased mortality in older women, according to a study recently published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.
FDA to Update Medical Device Approvals Process
TUESDAY, Nov. 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) — A major update of the United States’ system for approving medical devices was announced yesterday by the Food and Drug Administration.
Four Principles Underlie Patient and Family Partnership in Care
TUESDAY, Nov. 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) — Patient and family partnership in care should include treatment of patients and families with dignity and respect, their active engagement in all aspects of care, and their contribution to the improvement of health care systems and education of health care professionals, according to a position paper published online Nov. 27 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
ACA Coverage Substantial, but Did Not Impact Labor Markets
MONDAY, Nov. 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) — Millions of workers gained insurance coverage under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) without adverse effects on labor markets, according to a report published by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Urban Institute.
Bone Erosions More Frequent With Old Age at Onset of Early RA
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) — Old age at onset of early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with more frequent bone erosions, according to a study published online Nov. 11 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.
CDC: 8.8 Percent Uninsured in U.S. in First Half of 2018
FRIDAY, Nov. 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) — In the first six months of 2018, 8.8 percent of U.S. individuals of all ages were uninsured, which was not significantly different from 2017, according to a report published Nov. 15 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.
Treatments Appear No Better Than Placebo for Tennis Elbow
FRIDAY, Nov. 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) — At best, all treatments provide only small pain relief for tennis elbow, according to a review published online Oct. 31 in the American Journal of Sports Medicine.
Name-Brand Medications Driving Spike in U.S. Drug Spending
THURSDAY, Nov. 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) — Rising drug spending in the United States is being fueled by expensive name-brand prescription medicines, a new study shows.
Patient Experiences Shed Light on Diagnostic Errors
THURSDAY, Nov. 15, 2018 (HealthDay News) — Data from patient- and family-reported error narratives indicate that problems related to patient-physician interactions are major contributors to diagnostic errors, according to a study published in the November issue of Health Affairs.
AMA to Collect Data on Suicide Among Doctors-in-Training
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) — By collecting data on suicides by medical students, residents, and fellows, the American Medical Association hopes to identify ways to reduce suicides among doctors-in-training. The data collection policy was approved at a meeting yesterday.
Consensus Statement Issued on Management of Foot, Ankle Gout
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) — The American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons and the American Association of Nurse Practitioners-Orthopedics Specialty Practice Group have issued a new joint clinical consensus statement on the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of gouty arthritis of the foot and ankle; the consensus statement was published in the November-December issue of the Journal of Foot & Ankle Surgery.
Denosumab Promising for TDT-Induced Osteoporosis Treatment
TUESDAY, Nov. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) — Denosumab (DNM), a fully human monoclonal antibody against the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL), may be beneficial for managing transfusion-dependent thalassemia (TDT)-induced osteoporosis, according to a study published online Oct. 31 in Blood Advances.
CDC: About One in Three Adults With Prediabetes Has Arthritis
FRIDAY, Nov. 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) — About one in three adults with prediabetes has arthritis, and half of those with both conditions are physically inactive and/or obese, according to research published in the Nov. 9 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
CDC: Increases in Yoga, Meditation for Children in 2012-2017
THURSDAY, Nov. 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) — The use of yoga and meditation have increased in recent years among children and adults, while use of chiropractors has also increased among adults, according to two November data briefs published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.
Use of Polyetheretherketone Devices May Up Pseudarthrosis
THURSDAY, Nov. 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) — For one-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), use of polyetheretherketone (PEEK) devices is associated with significantly higher rates of radiographically demonstrated pseudarthrosis and need for revision surgery compared with allografts, according to a study published online Oct. 30 in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine.
Medicaid Expansion Approved in Three Republican-Leaning States
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) — Hundreds of thousands more low-income Americans could get health insurance after voters in three Republican-leaning states approved Medicaid expansion in the midterm elections.
Excess Gestational Weight Gain Not Better for Child Bone Health
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 7, 2018 (HealthDay News) — Among women who are under/normal weight, gestational weight gain (GWG) is associated with slightly increased bone measures in offspring at age 7 years, but there is no effect for overweight/obese mothers, according to a study published online Nov. 7 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.
New Guidelines Issued for Patellofemoral Pain Management
TUESDAY, Nov. 6, 2018 (HealthDay News) — The National Athletic Trainers’ Association has issued recommendations for identifying and managing patients with patellofemoral pain (PFP); these recommendations form the basis of a position statement published in the September issue of the Journal of Athletic Training.
Sign-Up Season Begins on HealthCare.gov
FRIDAY, Nov. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) — The federal government website where Americans can sign up for health insurance under the Affordable Care Act is up and running, officials said yesterday.
Financial Conflicts of Interest Prevalent Among CPG Authors
THURSDAY, Nov. 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) — There is a high prevalence of financial conflicts of interest among authors of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) related to high-revenue medications and in gastroenterology, according to two research letters published online Oct. 29 in JAMA Internal Medicine.
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