Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Fewer Interval Cancers Diagnosed With Supplemental MRI for Dense Breasts
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For women with extremely dense breast tissue and normal results on mammography, the use of supplemental magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results in diagnosis of fewer interval cancers than mammography alone during a two-year screening period, according to a study published in the Nov. 28 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.
Cancer Patients Need More Info on Side Effects of Radiation Tx
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Although most cancer patients do not experience anticipated potential adverse effects of radiation therapy, more than one-third have adverse effects that they wish they had known more about, according to a study published online Nov. 20 in the Journal of Oncology Practice.
U.S. Life Expectancy Dropped Since 2014 for Working-Age Adults
TUESDAY, Nov. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — U.S. life expectancy increased from 1959 to 2016 but has been decreasing since 2014, according to research published in the Nov. 26 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Expansion of Diagnostic Criteria Proposed for COPD
MONDAY, Nov. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — An integrated approach using data from the Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Genetic Epidemiologic study (COPDGene®) could identify individuals with possible or probable COPD as well as definite COPD, according to a study published in a special issue of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases: Journal of the COPD Foundation.
DCNN Software Aids Detection of Malignant Lung Nodules on CXR
THURSDAY, Nov. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Using deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) software can improve detection of malignant pulmonary nodules on chest radiographs, according to a study published online Nov. 12 in Radiology.
Employee Premiums, Deductibles Eating Larger Share of Income
THURSDAY, Nov. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — During the last decade, health care costs have eaten up a larger share of income for millions of middle-class Americans with employer coverage, according to Trends in Employer Health Care Coverage, 2008-2018, a Nov. 21 report from The Commonwealth Fund.
Radiation From CT Scans Linked to Thyroid Cancer, Leukemia
THURSDAY, Nov. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Exposure to medical radiation from computed tomography (CT) scans is associated with an increased risk for thyroid cancer and leukemia, according to a study published online Nov. 19 in JNCI Cancer Spectrum.
More Appropriate Prostate Cancer Tx Seen at Multidisciplinary Clinic
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Receiving care at a multidisciplinary (MultiD) clinic facilitates adherence to evidence-based national treatment guidelines for prostate cancer, according to a study published online Nov. 19 in Cancer.
Focused Ultrasound Thalamotomy May Reduce Essential Tremor
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Transcranial magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (tcMRgFUS) thalamotomy shows continued benefit for suppression of medication-refractory essential tremor (ET) at three years, according to a study published online Nov. 20 in Neurology.
Cancer Yield Similar for Dense Breast Ultrasound After DM, DBT
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There is no significant difference in breast cancer detection rates with dense breast ultrasound screening following digital mammography (DM) versus digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), according to a study recently published in the American Journal of Roentgenology.
Optic Nerve Ultrasound May ID Increased Intracranial Pressure
TUESDAY, Nov. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Optic nerve ultrasonography can help diagnose increased intracranial pressure with high specificity and sensitivity for patients with traumatic and nontraumatic brain injury, according to a review published online Nov. 19 in Annals of Internal Medicine.
White House Wants Hospitals, Insurers to Provide Actual Costs of Care
MONDAY, Nov. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — New rules requiring hospitals and insurers to disclose the actual prices for common tests and procedures before they are performed have been proposed by the Trump Administration.
About 2.7 Million ED Visits Reported for Sports Injuries in 2010 to 2016
FRIDAY, Nov. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — About 2.7 million emergency department visits for sports injuries occurred during 2010 to 2016, according to a study published online Nov. 15 in the National Health Statistics Reports, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Survey of U.S. Registered Nurses Points to Worsening Shortages
THURSDAY, Nov. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The 2019 AMN Healthcare Survey of Registered Nurses raises concerns about the outlook for the nursing profession in the United States.
Imaging Rates Continue to Rise Despite Efforts to Reduce
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Despite initiatives to reduce the use of medical imaging, rates continue to rise in both the United States and Ontario, Canada, according to a study recently published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
U.S. States Can Do More to Prevent, Treat Lung Cancer
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — States can do more to prevent and treat lung cancer, according to a report published online Nov. 13 by the American Lung Association.
Dr. Stephen Hahn Nominated to Head FDA
MONDAY, Nov. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Radiation oncology expert Stephen Hahn, M.D., has been nominated as the new U.S. Food and Drug Administration commissioner.
CRC Screening Recommended for Average-Risk Adults Age 50 to 75
MONDAY, Nov. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Average-risk adults between the ages of 50 and 75 years should be screened for colorectal cancer, with the screening test selected based on discussion with patients, according to a guidance statement from the American College of Physicians published online Nov. 5 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Seriously Ill Medicare Beneficiaries Face Financial Hardship
MONDAY, Nov. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Seriously ill Medicare enrollees experience considerable financial distress, according to a report published in the November issue of Health Affairs.
Intensive BP Control in Elderly With HTN May Aid Brain Health
MONDAY, Nov. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Intensive lowering of ambulatory blood pressure in older patients with hypertension reduced accumulation of small vessel disease in the white matter of the brain, according to a study published online Oct. 14 in Circulation.
Recommendations Developed to Address Clinician Burnout
FRIDAY, Nov. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In Taking Action Against Clinician Burnout, a new report published online Oct. 23 by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, recommendations are presented to address clinician burnout.
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