Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most frequent and aggressive subtype of renal carcinoma. So far, the basis of its oncogenesis remains unclear resulting in a deficiency of usable and reliable biomarkers for its clinical management. Previously, we showed that nuclear expression of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), phosphorylated at its serine 727 (pS727), was inversely proportional to the overall survival of ccRCC patients. Therefore, in the present study, we validated the value of pS727-STAT3 as a clinically relevant biomarker in ccRCC. This work is a retrospective study on 82 ccRCC patients treated with nephrectomy and followed-up for 10 years. Immunohistochemical expression of pS727-STAT3 was analyzed on a tissue microarray and nuclear and cytosolic levels were correlated with clinical outcome of patients. Our results showed that pS727-STAT3 levels, whether in the nucleus (p = 0.002; 95% CI 1.004-1.026) or the cytosol (p = 0.040; 95% CI 1.003-1.042), significantly correlate with patients’ survival in an independent-manner of clinicopathological features (Fuhrman grade, risk group, and tumor size). Moreover, we report that patients with high pS727-STAT3 levels who undergone adjuvant therapy exhibited a significant stabilization of the disease (~ 20 months), indicating that pS727-STAT3 can pinpoint a subset of patients susceptible to respond well to treatment. In summary, we demonstrated that high pS727-STAT3 levels (regardless of their cellular location) correlate with low overall survival of ccRCC patients, and we suggested the use of pS727-STAT3 as a prognostic biomarker to select patients for adjuvant treatment to increase their survival.