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Nurses’ Evidence-Based Practice Beliefs and the Role of Evidence-Based Practice Mentors at University Hospitals in Finland.

Nurses’ Evidence-Based Practice Beliefs and the Role of Evidence-Based Practice Mentors at University Hospitals in Finland.
Author Information (click to view)

Saunders H, Vehviläinen-Julkunen K,


Saunders H, Vehviläinen-Julkunen K, (click to view)

Saunders H, Vehviläinen-Julkunen K,

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Worldviews on evidence-based nursing 2016 12 2114(1) 35-45 doi 10.1111/wvn.12189
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Although systematic implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) is essential to effectively improve patient outcomes, quality, and value of care, nurses do not consistently use evidence in practice. Uptake is hampered by lack of nurses’ readiness for EBP, including nurses’ EBP beliefs and lack of EBP mentors. Favorable EBP beliefs are foundational to Registered Nurses’ (RNs) use and integration of best evidence into clinical decision making, whereas EBP mentors are in a key role for strengthening RNs’ beliefs in the value of EBP and confidence in their ability to implement EBP. Although nurses’ EBP beliefs and role of BP mentors have been widely studied in countries leading the EBP movement, less is known about them in the non-English-speaking world.

AIMS
To determine RNs EBP beliefs and the role of EBP mentors at Finnish university hospitals and to explore the associations between RNs’ EBP beliefs and sociodemographic factors.

METHODS
A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted in November-December 2014 at every university hospital in Finland with a convenience sample (n = 943) of practicing RNs. The data were collected via an electronic survey, and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.

RESULTS
RNs reported low levels of EBP beliefs in the degree to which they believed that clinical nursing practice and their own practice were based on evidence. EBP mentors worked in many professional nursing roles. Several significant differences were found between RN’s EBP beliefs and sociodemographic variables.

LINKING EVIDENCE TO ACTION
Although RNs were familiar with and believed in the value of EBP in improving care quality and patient outcomes, their ratings were low about the degree to which they believed that clinical nursing practice and their own practice were based on evidence, indicating a modest level of individual EBP readiness among Finnish RNs required for integrating best evidence into clinical care delivery.

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