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Occupational factors and low back pain: a cross-sectional study of Bangladeshi female nurses.

Occupational factors and low back pain: a cross-sectional study of Bangladeshi female nurses.
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Sanjoy SS, Ahsan GU, Nabi H, Joy ZF, Hossain A,


Sanjoy SS, Ahsan GU, Nabi H, Joy ZF, Hossain A, (click to view)

Sanjoy SS, Ahsan GU, Nabi H, Joy ZF, Hossain A,

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BMC research notes 2017 04 2810(1) 173 doi 10.1186/s13104-017-2492-1
Abstract
BACKGROUND
The suffering from low back pain (LBP) is very common among nurses. The high prevalence rates of LBP are observed in many countries. Many back injuries are due to individual and work-related factors. Our aim is to investigate whether there is an association of occupational factors with LBP among the female nurses who are currently working in tertiary hospitals of Bangladesh.

METHODS
We conducted a cross-sectional study with 229 female nurses from two selected tertiary hospitals in Bangladesh. Data was collected through face-to-face interview using a standard structured questionnaire on four different measures of LBP along with questions on socio-demographic, occupational factors, physical and psychological factors.

RESULTS
Prevalence rates of LBP that lasted for at least 1 day, chronic LBP, intense pain and sought medical care because of LBP during the last 12 months were 72.9, 31.8, 24.4 and 36.2%, respectively. The multiple logistic regression analyses indicates that insufficient supporting staffs, overtime working hours and manual lifting in a working environment are associated with LBP. Besides, age and parity are found positively associated with chronic LBP.

CONCLUSION
The prevalence of LBP among nurses in Bangladesh is high and should be actively addressed. Certain occupational factors play a key role in developing LBP among nurses. Nurses to patients ratio should be taken into consideration to reduce the occurrence of LBP among nurses employed in hospitals.

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