European journal of pediatrics 2017 01 21() doi 10.1007/s00431-017-2856-5
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a disease characterized by thrombotic microangiopathy with a triad of non-immune hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and renal impairment. Approximately 10% of cases of HUS are classified as atypical (aHUS). While today many genetically forms of aHUS pathology are known, only about 50% of carriers precipitate the disease. The reason remains unclear, and triggering events like intercurrent infections have been postulated. In rare cases, influenza A is the known trigger of aHUS; however, no cases of influenza B have been reported.
We describe for the first time that influenza B strain as a trigger for aHUS in children with primary hereditary forms. We also showed in our three cases that immunization appears to be safe; however, this needs to be confirmed in a larger cohort. What is Known: • Known triggers of aHUS are infectious specimen. • Influenza A-associated aHUS cases are rarely published. What is New: • aHUS can be triggered by influenza B virus infection. • Influenza vaccination of patients with aHUS appears safe.