Advertisement

 

 

October 2017 Briefing – Radiology

October 2017 Briefing – Radiology
Advertisement

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for October 2017. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Football Career Length, Position Affect White Matter Structure

TUESDAY, Oct. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For former collegiate and professional football players, career duration and primary playing position appear to modify the effects of concussion history on white matter structure and neural recruitment, according to a study published online Oct. 31 in Radiology.

Abstract/Full Text

Ultrasonography Not Necessary for Evaluation of Hypothyroidism

TUESDAY, Oct. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Imaging studies, including thyroid ultrasonography, are not required for the evaluation of hypothyroidism, and their risks include treatment of incidentally discovered nodules, patient and physician anxiety, and significant cost, according to a clinical review article published online Oct. 30 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Focused US Thalamotomy Effective in Tremor-Dominant PD

TUESDAY, Oct. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For patients with tremor-dominant Parkinson’s disease (TDPD), unilateral focused ultrasound (FUS) thalamotomy is associated with improvements in tremor scores, according to a study published online Oct. 30 in JAMA Neurology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Retinal Sensitivity Linked to Cognitive Status in T2DM

TUESDAY, Oct. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) — In patients with type 2 diabetes, retinal sensitivity is associated with cognitive status, according to a study published in the September issue of Diabetes.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Computed Tomography Features Vary Based on BRCA Status

THURSDAY, Oct. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Qualitative computed tomography (CT) features differ between patients with BRCA-mutant high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) and patients with BRCA wild-type HGSOC, according to a study published in the November issue of Radiology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Depressive Symptoms Increase During Internship Year

TUESDAY, Oct. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Depressive symptoms increase during the internship year for training physicians, with a greater increase among women, according to a study published online Oct. 30 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Multimodal Surveillance Regimen May Not Benefit BRCA Carriers

MONDAY, Oct. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Automated breast ultrasonography may not be of added value to yearly full-field digital (FFD) mammography and dynamic contrast agent-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging surveillance of carriers of the BRCA mutation, according to a study published in the November issue of Radiology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Time, Workload Limit Patient-Centered Care for Radiologists

MONDAY, Oct. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Many radiologists would like to communicate more directly with patients but are constrained by workload or time, according to a study published in the November issue of Radiology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

3D Ultrasound Not Accurate for ID of Sex in First Trimester

MONDAY, Oct. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Three-dimensional (3D) virtual reality ultrasound is not accurate in first-trimester fetal sex determination, according to a study published online Oct. 19 in the Journal of Clinical Ultrasound.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Elastography and Color Doppler Improve Breast Ultrasound

MONDAY, Oct. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) — The combination of elastography and color Doppler ultrasonography (US) with B-mode US in women with dense breasts can increase the positive predictive value of screening and reduce the number of false-positives, according to a study published in the November issue of Radiology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Treatment for Stage I NSCLC Patients Up From 2000 to 2010

FRIDAY, Oct. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For patients with stage I non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the odds of receiving radiation therapy (RT) or surgery increased from 2000 to 2010, with improved survival during the same period, according to a study published online Oct. 26 in the Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Multidisciplinary Model Cuts Treatment Delay in Head, Neck CA

FRIDAY, Oct. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For patients with head and neck cancer, a multidisciplinary head and neck clinic model is associated with reduced treatment delay, according to a study published online Oct. 26 in JAMA Otolaryngology — Head & Neck Surgery.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

70-Gene Signature Impacts Treatment Decisions in Breast CA

FRIDAY, Oct. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) — The 70-gene signature (GS) assay affects treatment decisions among physicians treating patients identified as being at intermediate risk with the 21-gene assay (21-GA), according to a study published online Oct. 26 in JAMA Oncology.

Abstract/Full Text

Bone Strength + Bone Mineral Density Screening Cost-Effective

FRIDAY, Oct. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Combined assessment of bone strength and bone mineral density is a cost-effective strategy for osteoporosis screening in postmenopausal women, according to a study published in the November issue of Radiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Better Outcomes With Transoroal Robotic Surgery Alone in OPSCC

THURSDAY, Oct. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC), transoral robotic surgery (TORS) alone is associated with improved outcomes versus TORS followed by adjuvant treatment, according to a study published online Oct. 26 in JAMA Otolaryngology — Head & Neck Surgery.

Abstract/Full Text

Gifts From Pharma Companies Influence Prescribing Behavior

THURSDAY, Oct. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Receipt of gifts from pharmaceutical companies is associated with more prescriptions per patient and more costly prescriptions, according to a study published online Oct. 25 in PLOS One.

Abstract/Full Text

MRN Helps Quantify Peripheral Nerve Involvement in MS

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) have peripheral nerve involvement that can be visualized and quantified by high-resolution magnetic resonance neurography (MRN), according to a study published online Oct. 10 in the Annals of Neurology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Swedish Massage May Reduce Cancer-Related Fatigue

TUESDAY, Oct. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Swedish massage therapy (SMT) is associated with clinically significant relief from cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in breast cancer survivors, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in Cancer.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Design Thinking Enables Med Students to Solve Challenges

MONDAY, Oct. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) — A joint effort between students at Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University and Rhode Island School of Design (RISD) is training future physicians in design thinking to help identify and repair health system issues that contribute to physician burnout, according to an article by the American Medical Association.

More Information

Clinician Job Satisfaction Linked to Improved Burnout Scores

FRIDAY, Oct. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Clinicians’ job satisfaction is associated with improved burnout scores and reduced intention to leave their practices, according to a study published in the October issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Melanoma Staging Undergoes Evidence-Based Revision

FRIDAY, Oct. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) — The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) melanoma staging system has been revised, according to a report published online Oct. 13 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

Abstract/Full Text

Uninsurance Down by One-Third for Cancer Diagnoses in 2014

THURSDAY, Oct. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) — In the first year of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), there was a relative decrease of one-third in uninsurance among adults with new cancer diagnoses, according to a research letter published online Oct. 19 in JAMA Oncology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Conditions Tied to Clinician Dissatisfaction Are Modifiable

THURSDAY, Oct. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Modifiable conditions, like chaos, incohesiveness, and lack of communication, contribute to unsatisfying workplaces for clinicians, according to a study published in the October issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

MRI Findings Prognostic for Long-Term Recovery in Cardiac Arrest

THURSDAY, Oct. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Measures of cerebral functional network connectivity measured within four weeks of cardiac arrest (CA) are associated with a favorable outcome (FO) at one year, according to a study published online Oct. 18 in Radiology.

Abstract
Full Text

Key Stakeholders Discuss How to Make EHRs More Usable

THURSDAY, Oct. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Key stakeholders and physicians discussed electronic health record (EHR) usability and optimization in the American Medical Association Running Your Practice Community.

More Information

Sharing Passwords Is Widespread Among Medical Staff

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Sharing of passwords to access electronic medical records is common among medical staff members, according to a study published in the July issue of Healthcare Informatics Research.

Abstract/Full Text

Men Now Comprise ~10 Percent of RN Workforce

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) — The increasing participation of men in registered nursing can be attributed to multiple factors, including increasing educational attainment, rising labor demand in health care, and liberalizing gender role attitudes, according to a working paper published by the Washington Center for Equitable Growth.

Abstract
Full Text

Overall Survival Up for Melanoma Brain Metastases

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Overall survival (OS) for patients with melanoma brain metastases (MBM) has improved significantly since 2000, according to a study published online Oct. 12 in Cancer.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Machine Learning Model Predicts Risk of Upgrade to Breast CA

TUESDAY, Oct. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) — A machine learning model can predict the risk of upgrade of high-risk breast lesions (HRLs) to cancer, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in Radiology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Female Physicians May Be Especially at Risk of Burnout

TUESDAY, Oct. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Female physicians are more burned out than their male colleagues, but there are steps they can take to reduce the stress associated with burnout, according to a blog post published in Medical Economics.

More Information

Most Female Physicians Have Faced Sexist Patient Comments

MONDAY, Oct. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Most female physicians have been sexually harassed by patients at some point in their careers, according to a blog post published in Medical Economics.

More Information

Late Gadolinium Enhancement Linked to Prognosis in Myocarditis

FRIDAY, Oct. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For patients with acute myocarditis (AM) with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and for patients with suspected myocarditis, late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) is associated with worse prognosis, according to two studies published online Oct. 9 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Abstract — Aquaro
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Abstract — Gräni
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

U.S. Filipinos Have Higher Thyroid Cancer Mortality

FRIDAY, Oct. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Filipinos die of thyroid cancer at higher rates than non-Filipino Asian (NFA) and non-Hispanic white (NHW) individuals of similar ages, according to a study published online Sept. 7 in Cancer.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Quality Issues for Both Paper-, Electronic-Based Health Records

FRIDAY, Oct. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Both paper-based and electronic health records (EHRs) have shortcomings in terms of quality of content, process, and structure, with poor quality of nursing documentation seen for both methods, according to a study published online Oct. 5 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Genetic Variant Tied to Prostate Cancer Outcomes

THURSDAY, Oct. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) — The HSD3B1 (1245C) allele is associated with more rapid development of metastases in men with biochemically recurrent prostate cancer, and it predicts response to nonsteroidal CYP17A1 inhibition, according to two studies published online Oct. 12 in JAMA Oncology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) — Hearn
Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) — Almassi
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Court Considering Fate of Noneconomic Damages Cap

THURSDAY, Oct. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) — The Wisconsin Supreme Court is considering whether it will hear a case that will determine the fate of the state’s $750,000 cap on noneconomic damages, according to an article published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

More Information

New System Streamlines CME Credit Approval Process

THURSDAY, Oct. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) — The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) and the American Board of Family Medicine (ABFM) have launched a new performance improvement activity credit reporting process called the AAFP Credit System, according to an article published by the AAFP.

More Information

Low-Cost Services a Major Player in Unnecessary Health Spending

THURSDAY, Oct. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) — The costs associated with low-cost, low-value health services are nearly twice as high as those of high-cost, low-value services, according to a study published in the October issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Primary, Pulmonary Providers Endorse Lung CA Screening

THURSDAY, Oct. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Primary care clinicians and pulmonologists endorse lung cancer screening (LCS), but there are limitations in their knowledge of screening components, according to a study published online Sept. 21 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Physician Salaries Appear to Be Flat or Declining

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Anecdotally, physician career coaches report that physician salaries are flat at best, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

More Information

Medical License Questions Sway Doctors’ Mental Health Help

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Medical licensure application questions (MLAQs) regarding mental health contribute to physicians’ reluctance to seek help for mental health, according to a study published in the October issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

Abstract
Full Text

New Tool IDs Mortality Risk After Bladder Cancer Surgery

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) — A new risk-stratification tool is able to estimate mortality in patients with urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) after cystectomy, according to a study published online Sept. 7 in Cancer.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Guide Offers Doctors Tips for Choosing a Health System

TUESDAY, Oct. 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) — A guide has been developed to assist physicians considering joining a physician-led integrated health system, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

More Information

Patient, Provider Interventions May Up Colonoscopy Rates

TUESDAY, Oct. 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For asymptomatic adults with positive fecal blood test results, patient navigators and provider reminders or performance data may help improve colonoscopy rates; however, current evidence about useful system-level interventions is insufficient, according to a review published online Oct. 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Novel Metrics Suggested for Assessing EHR Use

TUESDAY, Oct. 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Novel metrics have been developed to assess electronic health record (EHR) use and are described in an opinion article published online Oct. 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

2016 Physician Quality Reporting System Reports Available

MONDAY, Oct. 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) — The 2016 Physician Quality Reporting System (PQRS) and the 2016 annual Quality and Resource Use reports have been released for individuals and group practices, according to a report published by the American Academy of Family Physicians.

More Information

Injured Patients Want More Info on Safety Improvement Efforts

MONDAY, Oct. 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Communication-and-resolution program (CRP) experiences are positive overall for a small majority of patients and families, but they report that hospitals rarely share information about preventing recurrences, according to a study published online Oct. 9 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Negative Margins, Lymph Node Yields Predict Survival

MONDAY, Oct. 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Patients treated at hospitals that attain a high rate of negative margins and lymph node yields (LNY) of at least 18 have improved survival after surgery for head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC), according to a study published online Oct. 5 in JAMA Otolaryngology — Head & Neck Surgery.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

3-D Ultrasound IDs Late-Onset Fetal Growth Restriction

MONDAY, Oct. 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Fractional thigh volume measurements improve detection of late-onset fetal growth restriction, compared to two-dimensional biometry, according to a study published in the October issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract
Full Text

Short-Lived Benefits for Abusive Supervisory Behavior

FRIDAY, Oct. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Engaging in abusive supervisory behavior may be associated with short-term beneficial effects, but over longer periods of time, abusive supervisory behavior is negatively related to supervisors’ recovery level and engagement, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in the Academy of Management Journal.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Stronger Nocebo Effect When Inert Rx Labeled As Expensive

FRIDAY, Oct. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Nocebo hyperalgesia is stronger when an inert treatment is labeled as being an expensive medication rather than a cheap one, according to a study published online Oct. 5 in Science.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Most Cancer Drugs Approved in Europe Show No Survival Benefit

FRIDAY, Oct. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Most cancer drugs that enter the market in Europe have no evidence of benefit for survival or quality of life, according to a study published online Oct. 4 in BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Liver Cancer Remains a Major Public Health Burden Globally

FRIDAY, Oct. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Causes of primary liver cancer differ widely among populations globally, but most cases can be prevented, according to a study published online Oct. 5 in JAMA Oncology.

Abstract/Full Text

21 Percent of Americans Report Experiencing a Medical Error

THURSDAY, Oct. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) — More than one in five patients report having experienced a medical error, according to a survey released Sept. 28 by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI)/National Patient Safety Foundation Lucian Leape Institute and NORC at the University of Chicago.

More Information

Reasons Physicians Are Delaying Retirement Vary

THURSDAY, Oct. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Physicians are delaying retirement, often because they feel they are providing a useful service to patients or because of concerns about social interaction in retirement, according to an article published online Sept. 25 in Medical Economics.

More Information

Pay Inequality, Work-Life Balance Top Concerns for Female Docs

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Many female physicians report feeling disadvantaged when negotiating contracts and feel that they are assessed for promotion using different criteria than those used for men, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

More Information

Provider Advice Impacts Breast Cancer Prevention Decisions

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For patients at high risk for breast cancer, health care provider (HCP) recommendation is the most important factor for deciding whether to use selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs), according to a study published online Oct. 4 in Cancer Prevention Research.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Scientists Support Genome Editing to Prevent Disease

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Many basic scientists and clinical researchers support somatic genome editing in adults for prevention of serious disease but not for human enhancement; they also believe the public should be consulted before any clinical application of germline gene editing proceeds, according to survey results published online Oct. 3 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Overall Breast Cancer Incidence Up for Some in 2005-2014

TUESDAY, Oct. 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Overall breast cancer incidence rates increased among specific racial/ethnic groups from 2005 to 2014, although the overall death rates decreased from 1989 to 2015, according to a study published online Oct. 3 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

Abstract/Full Text

MI Incidence Down With CT Angiography in Suspected CAD

TUESDAY, Oct. 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD), coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is associated with reduced incidence of myocardial infarction but no reduction in death or cardiac hospitalization versus functional stress testing, according to a review published online Oct. 2 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Communication Program Doesn’t Raise Hospital Liability Costs

TUESDAY, Oct. 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) — A communication-and-resolution program, in which hospitals and liability insurers communicate with patients when adverse events occur, does not lead to higher liability costs, according to a study published online Oct. 2 in Health Affairs.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Tattoo Pigment Hypersensitivity Can Mimic Lymphoma

TUESDAY, Oct. 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Tattoo pigment hypersensitivity causing widespread lymphadenopathy has been described in a case report published online Oct. 2 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Patient With CAS of 50 Percent Should Not Undergo Screening

TUESDAY, Oct. 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) — A vascular surgeon and primary care physician agree that an asymptomatic patient with cardiovascular risk and stenosis of 50 percent on screening carotid ultrasonography should not undergo carotid artery stenosis (CAS) screening, according to an article published online Oct. 2 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Copyright © 2017 ScoutNews, LLC. All rights reserved.
healthday

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

1 × 2 =

[ HIDE/SHOW ]