AIDS and behavior 2017 05 24() doi 10.1007/s10461-017-1783-9
We assessed predictors of choosing self-administered oral HIV testing in the clinic with supervision versus the standard provider-administered blood test when offered the choice among 149 Kenyan truck drivers, described the types of guidance participants needed during self-testing and predictors of needing guidance. Overall, 56.38% of participants chose the self-test, 23.49% the provider-administered test, and 20.13% refused testing. In the adjusted regression models, each additional unit on the fatalism and self-efficacy scales was associated with 0.97 (p = 0.003) and 0.83 (p = 0.008) times lower odds of choosing the self-test, respectively. Overall, 52.38% of self-testers did so correctly without questions, 47.61% asked questions, and 13.10% required unsolicited correction from the provider. Each additional unit on the fatalism scale was associated with 1.07 times higher odds of asking for guidance when self-testing (p < 0.001). Self-administered oral HIV testing seems to be acceptable and feasible among Kenyan truck drivers, especially if given the opportunity to ask questions.