To compare one-year visual outcomes and optical quality after femtosecond laser small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and Visian Implantable Collamer Lens with a central hole (ICL V4c) implantation for high myopia.
This prospective non-randomized study included 37 eyes of 20 patients who underwent SMILE (G-S) and 39 eyes of 20 patients who underwent ICL V4c implantation (G-V). Spherical equivalent (SE), uncorrected distance visual acuity, corrected distance visual acuity, retinal image quality and intraocular scattering were evaluated at one year after surgery. Each model was adjusted for age, gender, eye and preoperative SE during treatment.
At the one-year follow-up, G-S and G-V showed similar safety index (1.13 ± 0.13 and 1.11 ± 0.15, respectively) and efficacy index (1.05 ± 0.14 and 1.06 ± 0.15, respectively). All 21 eyes with Toric ICL (TICL) had a postoperative astigmatism of ≤0.5 dioptres (D), while the astigmatism was ≤0.5 D in all G-S eyes. Thirty-six G-S eyes (97%) and 35 G-V eyes (90%) were within ± 0.5 D of the target SE. The changes in the modulation transfer function cut-off frequency (MTF ) and the objective scatter index from before operation to one year following the operation were not significantly different between the groups (p = 0.523 and 0.826, respectively).
Both SMILE and ICL V4c implantation provide good safety, efficacy, predictability, and stability in correcting high myopia. Optical quality including intraocular scattering was great and relatively stable in both groups during the one-year observation period.

© 2020 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.