Spontaneous recanalization of coronary thrombus (SRCT) is a rare in vivo appearance, with a nonspecific angiographic aspect. The aim of this study was to investigate the importance of optical coherence tomography (OCT) use for SRCT identification, characterization of pathogenic mechanisms and optimal treatment.
We retrospectively analyzed all patients with angiographic suspicion of SRCT who underwent coronary angiography for suspected coronary artery disease and afterward investigated by OCT imaging.
We identified 28 cases with angiographic suspicion of SCRT (0.41% of CA) and confirmed it in 4 patients (0.05% of CA). OCT provided insight about the underlying SRCT mechanism: possible complicated atherosclerotic plaques in two cases and, respectively, spontaneous coronary artery dissection in other two cases. OCT provided accurate lesion assessment and offered optimal PCI materials selection.
Besides providing the diagnosis, OCT also improved characterization of SRCT pathogenic mechanisms, in the four confirmed SRCT cases, supporting the role of coronary wall in situ complications, namely dissection of an atherosclerotic plaque or spontaneous dissection of a normal coronary wall.

Copyright© 2020, International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. George J. Delinasios), All rights reserved.