Virology journal 2017 08 2214(1) 159 doi 10.1186/s12985-017-0825-2
Currently, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is one of the most economically important viral pathogens in swine in most countries, especially China. Two PRRSV attenuated live vaccine strains (HuN4-F112 and CH-1R) are currently widely used in China. Our previous study showed that HuN4-F112, but not CH-1R, induced high anti-nucleocapsid (N) antibody and neutralizing antibody (NA) titers. Additionally, sera from HuN4-F112 inoculated pigs induced low cross neutralization of CH-1R.
In the present study, 6 chimeric viruses through exchanging 5′ untranslated region (UTR) + open reading frame (ORF)1a, ORF1b, and ORF2-7 + 3’UTR between HuN4-F112 and CH-1R were constructed and rescued based on the infectious clones of rHuN4-F112 and rCH-1R. The characteristics of these viruses were investigated in vitro and vivo.
All the three fragments, 5’UTR + ORF1a, ORF1b, and ORF2-7 + 3’UTR, could affect the replication efficiencies of rHuN4-F112 and rCH-1R in vitro. Additionally, both 5’UTR + ORF1a and ORF2-7 + 3’UTR affected the anti-N antibody and NA responses targeting rHuN4-F112 and rCH-1R in piglets.
The 5’UTR + ORF1a region of HuN4-F112 played a key role in inducing NAs in piglets. Furthermore, we confirmed for the first time that ORF1a contains a neutralization region. This study provides important information that can be used for further study of the generation of anti-PRRSV NAs.