In Korea, 2-4% of brain-dead organ donations are from donors <16 years of age. We aimed to identify the current status of and challenges in pediatric organ donation from brain-dead donors in Korea. We performed a retrospective analysis using data from KONOS between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2017. Our research identified 107 pediatric donors aged <16 years, representing 4.4% of all donors in Korea between 2013 and 2017. The consent rate was higher in PDs than in adult donors (47.0% vs 44.9%). The most common cause of brain death in PDs was hypoxia (28.0%), followed by brain tumor and trauma, whereas that in ADs was brain hemorrhage/stroke (42.4%), followed by trauma and hypoxia (P < .001). In both groups, the kidney (PDs vs ADs: 75.7% vs 88.5%), liver (58.9% vs 46.2%), and heart (32.7% vs 29.7%) were the organs most commonly transplanted. However, pancreatic (PDs vs ADs: 30.0% vs 11.7%, P < .001) and small bowel transplantations (4.7% vs 0.2%, P < .001) were more common in PDs, whereas lung (7.5% vs 14.5%, P = .046) and corneal transplantations (14.0% vs 36.2%) were more common in ADs. Only a small proportion of organ donations in Korea are from PDs, but this rate has been maintained. Given the current status of brain-dead pediatric organ donation, a more active approach is required to bring about improvement.
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