The severity of osteoporosis in SMID started during the growth period and seems to be caused by a lack of an effective increase in bone mineral density, according to a study published in Brain & Development. Study investigators assessed the severity and pathology of osteoporosis in children and adults with severe motor and intellectual disabilities (SMID) by evaluating bone enzymes, by which they aimed to determine adequate treatment approaches for preventing fractures. Ninety patients (44 men, 46 women; mean age, 34.5) underwent bone-quality assessment. Quantitative ultrasonography (QUS) was used to measure the T-score and Z-score of the calcaneus, and blood tests were used to measure bone-specific alkaline phosphatase and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b levels as bone formation and resorption markers, as well as calcium, phosphorous, and parathyroid hormone levels as routine examination. Bone formation and resorption marker levels were within normal ranges in adults, although they were high during the growth period in children, adolescents and elderly women. Patients receiving tube feeding showed a significantly lower Z-score than those without tube feeding. Tube feeding was a significant factor for the Z-score, whereas age, vitamin supplements, and anti-epileptic drugs were not. “Any treatment should be started during the growth period,” write the study authors, adding that “more study about tube feeding is needed.”
August 23, 2011
Identification and Analysis of Novel Biomarkers Involved in Chromophobe Renal Cell Carcinoma by Integrated Bioinformatics Analyses.
February 25, 2020
- ACC 2020The American College of Cardiology decided to cancel ACC.20/WCC due to COVID-19, which was scheduled to take place March 28-30 in Chicago. However, ACC.20/WCC Virtual Meeting continues to release cutting edge science and practice changing updates for cardiovascular professionals on demand and free through June 2020.
- ENDO: 2020ENDO 2020 Annual Conference has been canceled due to COVID-19. Here are highlights of emerging data that has still been released. Keep an eye out for ENDO Online 2020, which will take place from June 8 to 22.