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Out-of-Hospital Evaluation and Treatment of Accidental Hypothermia.

Out-of-Hospital Evaluation and Treatment of Accidental Hypothermia.
Author Information (click to view)

Zafren K,


Zafren K, (click to view)

Zafren K,

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Emergency medicine clinics of North America 35(2) 261-279 pii S0733-8627(17)30003-2
Abstract

Accidental hypothermia is an unintentional drop in core temperature to 35°C or below. Core temperature is best measured by esophageal probe. If core temperature cannot be measured, the degree should be estimated using clinical signs. Treatment is to protect from further heat loss, minimize afterdrop, and prevent cardiovascular collapse during rescue and resuscitation. The patient should be handled gently, kept horizontal, insulated, and actively rewarmed. Active rewarming is also beneficial in mild hypothermia but passive rewarming usually suffices. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation should be performed if there are no contraindications to resuscitation. CPR may be delayed or intermittent.

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