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Outcome of hearing preservation related to tumor morphologic analysis in acoustic neuromas treated by gamma knife radiosurgery.

Outcome of hearing preservation related to tumor morphologic analysis in acoustic neuromas treated by gamma knife radiosurgery.
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Pan SY, Liu SA, Sun MH, Tsou HK, Lee SD, Chen YJ, Sheehan J, Sheu ML, Pan HC,


Pan SY, Liu SA, Sun MH, Tsou HK, Lee SD, Chen YJ, Sheehan J, Sheu ML, Pan HC, (click to view)

Pan SY, Liu SA, Sun MH, Tsou HK, Lee SD, Chen YJ, Sheehan J, Sheu ML, Pan HC,

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Radiation oncology (London, England) 2017 08 1512(1) 134 doi 10.1186/s13014-017-0875-z
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) is an important part of the neurosurgical armamentarium in the treatment of acoustic neuromas. However, the treatment outcome related to the morphology of the tumor has not been rigorously studied. In this cohort, we evaluated the morphological features of the tumor in the tumor response and neurological outcomes after GKRS.

MATERIAL AND METHODS
From July 2003 to December 2008, there were 93 cases of acoustic neuromas treated upfront with GKRS with 64 cases with serviceable hearing and 29 cases without serviceable hearing to fulfill the margin dose of 12Gy with at least follow up 5 years.

RESULTS
The duration of symptom before GKRS in serviceable /no serviceable hearing was 7.9 ± 1.2 and 15.3 ± 3.1 months (p < 0.001) and associated no-hearing symptom was 70% and 35%, respectively (p < 0.001). There was 81.2% of hearing preservation after GKRS in serviceable hearing group including 27 cases of pear type (84%), 14 of linear type (70%), and 9 cases of sphere type (90%) (p < 0.01); however, there was no case of hearing improvement in the no-serviceable hearing group (0 of 29). There were 85% of patients with decreased tinnitus in serviceable hearing groups as compared to 61.5% of patients in no serviceable hearing group (p < 0.05). In multivariate analysis, the tumor morphology was highly correlated to hearing preservation rate (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION
In the limited case of this cohort, we found that the tumor morphology and timing of treatment was highly correlated to the rate of hearing preservation. The sphere type of tumor morphology was associated with the best chance of hearing preservation.

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