Methyltransferase-like protein 3 (METTL3) regulates multiple cell functions and diseases by modulating N-methyladenosine (mA) modifications. However, it is still unclear whether METTL3 involves in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy (DR). In the present study, we found that high-glucose inhibited RPE cell proliferation, promoted cell apoptosis and pyroptosis in a time-dependent manner. In addition, both METTL3 mRNA and miR-25-3p were low-expressed in the peripheral venous blood samples of diabetes mellitus (DM) patients compared to normal volunteers, and high-glucose inhibited METTL3 and miR-25-3p expressions in RPE cells. As expected, upregulation of METTL3 and miR-25-3p alleviated the cytotoxic effects of high-glucose on RPE cells, and knock-down of METTL3 and miR-25-3p had opposite effects. Additionally, METTL3 overexpression increased miR-25-3p levels in RPE cells in a microprocessor protein DGCR8-dependent manner, and miR-25-3p ablation abrogated the effects of overexpressed METTL3 on cell functions in high-glucose treated RPE cells. Furthermore, PTEN could be negatively regulated by miR-25-3p, and overexpression of METTL3 increased phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) levels by targeting miR-25-3p/PTEN axis. Consistently, upregulation of PTEN abrogated the protective effects of METTL3 overexpression on RPE cells treated with high-glucose. Collectively, METTL3 rescued cell viability in high-glucose treated RPE cells by targeting miR-25-3p/PTEN/Akt signaling cascade.