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Oxidative stress caused by activation of NADPH oxidase 4 promotes contrast-induced acute kidney injury.

Oxidative stress caused by activation of NADPH oxidase 4 promotes contrast-induced acute kidney injury.
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Jeong BY, Lee HY, Park CG, Kang J, Yu SL, Choi DR, Han SY, Park MH, Cho S, Lee SY, Hwang WM, Yun SR, Ryu HM, Oh EJ, Park SH, Kim YL, Yoon SH,


Jeong BY, Lee HY, Park CG, Kang J, Yu SL, Choi DR, Han SY, Park MH, Cho S, Lee SY, Hwang WM, Yun SR, Ryu HM, Oh EJ, Park SH, Kim YL, Yoon SH, (click to view)

Jeong BY, Lee HY, Park CG, Kang J, Yu SL, Choi DR, Han SY, Park MH, Cho S, Lee SY, Hwang WM, Yun SR, Ryu HM, Oh EJ, Park SH, Kim YL, Yoon SH,

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PloS one 2018 01 1213(1) e0191034 doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0191034
Abstract

Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CIAKI) is a leading cause of acute kidney injury following radiographic procedures. Intrarenal oxidative stress plays a critical role in CIAKI. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide 3-phosphate (NADPH) oxidases (Noxs) are important sources of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Among the various types of Noxs, Nox4 is expressed predominantly in the kidney in rodents. Here, we evaluated the role of Nox4 and benefit of Nox4 inhibition on CIAKI using in vivo and in vitro models. HK-2 cells were treated with iohexol, with or without Nox4 knockdown, or the most specific Nox1/4 inhibitor (GKT137831). Effects of Nox4 inhibition on CIAKI mice were examined. Expression of Nox4 in HK-2 cells was significantly increased following iohexol exposure. Silencing of Nox4 rescued the production of ROS, downregulated pro-inflammatory markers (particularly phospho-p38) implicated in CIAKI, and reduced Bax and caspase 3/7 activity, which resulted in increased cellular survival in iohexol-treated HK-2 cells. Pretreatment with GKT137831 replicated these effects by decreasing levels of phospho-p38. In a CIAKI mouse model, even though the improvement of plasma blood urea nitrogen was unclear, pretreatment with GKT137831 resulted in preserved structure, reduced expression of 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8OHdG) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), and reduced number of TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling)-positive cells. These results suggest Nox4 as a key source of reactive oxygen species responsible for CIAKI and provide a novel potential option for prevention of CIAKI.

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