In this research, 29 surface sediments samples of three typical lake reservoirs (in Yuqiao Reservoir, Hengshui Lake, and Dahuofang Reservoir) in the Jin-Ji-Liao area were collected and investigated, and the contents of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were detected using GC-MS. The results show that the Sigma PAHs (ng·g) in the sediments were 337.3-1604.1 (mean value 820.0), 461.1-1497.5 (mean value 932.3), and 102.3-2240.5 (mean value 564.9), respectively. Compared with other domestic rivers and lakes, the pollution levels of the PAHs in the three typical lakes were all at a medium level. The three lakes and reservoirs had consistency in the ratio of the number of rings, which is primarily high. PAHs source analyses were carried out by the characteristic ratio and primary component analysis method, and the results show that three lakes reservoirs pollution were caused mostly by combustion sources (including petroleum, coal, and biomass combustion), with a few petroleum sources. Additionally, the pollution contribution ratio of incomplete combustion of gasoline and diesel oil was 51.4%, and the pollution contribution ratio of combustion of coal and firewood were 22.3%. The risk evaluation results indicate that PAHs in the surface sediments of Yuqiao Reservoir, Hengshui Lake, and Dahuofang Reservoir are generally at a medium and low level, but the monitoring of three types of substances, Flu, InP, and DahA, should be strengthened, and corresponding emergency measures should be taken.