Hormones & cancer 2017 09 158(5-6) 325-329 doi 10.1007/s12672-017-0308-3
An association between parity and thyroid cancer risk has been investigated in a number of independent studies but yielded contradictory findings. The aim of this study was to explore the association between parity and thyroid cancer risk. The population-based cohort study in Lithuanian was conducted. The study dataset based on the linkages between all records from the 2001 population census, all cancer incidence records from the Lithuanian Cancer Registry, and all death and emigration records from Statistics Lithuania for the period between 6 April 2001 and 31 December 2009. Cox’s proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) for parity, age at first birth, number of children, place of residence, education, and age at census. The cohort of 868,105 women was followed for 8.6 years, and 1775 thyroid cancer cases were diagnosed during the study period. The significantly higher thyroid cancer risk was observed among parous women (HR = 1.45, 95% CI: 1.20, 1.75) and in women with 1, 2, and 3 children, after adjusting for the possible confounding effects of relevant demographic variables. The findings of this study are consistent with the hypothesis that parity might be associated with the risk of thyroid cancer in women.