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Particle number analysis of lipoprotein subclasses by gel permeation HPLC in patients with cholesteryl ester transfer protein deficiency.

Particle number analysis of lipoprotein subclasses by gel permeation HPLC in patients with cholesteryl ester transfer protein deficiency.
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Okada T, Ohama T, Okazaki M, Kanno K, Matsuda H, Sairyo M, Zhu Y, Saga A, Kobayashi T, Masuda D, Koseki M, Nishida M, Sakata Y, Yamashita S,


Okada T, Ohama T, Okazaki M, Kanno K, Matsuda H, Sairyo M, Zhu Y, Saga A, Kobayashi T, Masuda D, Koseki M, Nishida M, Sakata Y, Yamashita S, (click to view)

Okada T, Ohama T, Okazaki M, Kanno K, Matsuda H, Sairyo M, Zhu Y, Saga A, Kobayashi T, Masuda D, Koseki M, Nishida M, Sakata Y, Yamashita S,

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PloS one 2018 01 0513(1) e0190875 doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0190875
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
We previously reported that patients with cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) deficiency (CETP-D) have a higher prevalence of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, in spite of increased HDL-C levels. However, characterization of HDL in CETP-D has not been well described. Therefore, we examined HDL particle number (PN) rather than HDL-C level.

APPROACH AND RESULTS
Nine patients with CETP-D and 9 normolipidemic subjects were enrolled. We performed gel permeation high-performance liquid chromatography (GP-HPLC) analysis, determined the cholesterol and triglyceride composition of all lipoprotein subclasses, and calculated the PN of each subclass, which consisted of 3 VLDL (large, medium, and small), 4 LDL (large, medium, small, and very small), and 5 HDL (very large, large, medium, small, and very small) subclasses. The PNs of large and medium LDL were significantly lower in CETP-D than that in healthy subjects (0.66- and 0.63-fold decrease, respectively; p<0.001), whereas the PN of very small LDL, which is known to be atherogenic, was significantly higher (1.36-fold increase, p = 0.016). The PNs of very large and large HDL in CETP-D were markedly higher than that in healthy subjects (19.9- and 4.5-fold increase, respectively; p<0.001), whereas the PNs of small and very small HDL, which have more potent anti-atherogenic functions, were significantly lower (0.76- and 0.61-fold decrease, respectively; p<0.001). CONCLUSION
We have assessed the PNs of detailed subclasses of patients with CETP-D for the first time. The PN of larger HDL was markedly increased, that of smaller HDL was decreased, and that of very small LDL was increased, suggesting that CETP-D has pro-atherogenic lipoprotein properties.

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