Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift (1946) 2016 08 24141(17) 1243 doi 10.1055/s-0041-108031
HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS
A 39-year-old male refugee from Gambia is admitted to the emergency room with fever, body aches and productive cough.
Laboratory, ultrasound and CT investigations show a sepsis due to Staphylcoccus aureus, a renal failure with the appearance of "snow-white" kidneys on ultrasound and a previously unknown acute HIV-infection.
DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT AND COURSE
Broad antibiotic treatment and an antiretroviral therapy (adapted to the impaired renal function) as well as hemodialysis are commenced. Despite of successful sepsis treatment and viral load reduction, the kidney function does not recover. Histologically, a HIV-nephropathy is confirmed.
The appearance of "snow-white" kidneys on ultrasound can be a characteristic sign of a HIV-associated nephropathy.