To better characterize recovery after minimally invasive kidney surgery, we present a study describing patient-reported health-related quality of life (HRQOL) following minimally invasive radical nephrectomy (RN) and partial nephrectomy (PN).
Patients who underwent minimally invasive PN or RN for renal cancer were invited to enroll in a prospective, patient-reported HRQOL study using the Convalescence and Recovery Evaluation (CARE) instrument and Short Form-12 (SF-12). Patients completed questionnaires at baseline, 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks after surgery. Mixed repeated measures model were used to assess time effect on HRQOL scores and predictors of scores within each surgery groups.
177 patients were included in the study: 50 had RN and 127 had PN. At 2 weeks, both groups had significant decreases in Overall CARE, as well as the Pain, Gastrointestinal, and Activity domain scores which remained slightly below baseline at 4 weeks. At 4 weeks only 50% of patients in both the RN and PN cohorts returned to baseline overall CARE score. By 12 weeks 82% returned to baseline overall CARE score in the RN group while 76% of patients did so in the PN group.
Convalescence after minimally invasive renal surgery can often extend beyond 4 weeks post-treatment in PN and RN subjects. This information may be used to provide more accurate preoperative counseling in an attempt to improve overall patient satisfaction.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.