Enfermeria intensiva 2018 03 28() pii S1130-2399(18)30024-5
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES
Patients’ sleep can be disturbed during their stay in an Intensive Care Unit. Many factors can explain this disturbance, both within the ICU environment and caused by patients’ illnesses. There is evidence that patients’ sleep can be improved within ICUs. The aim of this study is to describe patientś perceptions of a night’s sleep and develop a care plan that promotes a night’s sleep.
A prospective descriptive study was performed in the ICU of a training hospital. The sleep of 125 patients was explored. Sociodemographic and clinical variables were collected from patients’ medical records. The 5-item Richards-Campbell Sleep Questionnaire was utilised to assess patients’ perception of a night’s sleep. In addition, an ad-hoc 9-item questionnaire was developed which included factors that can affect sleep according to the literature. Patients had to grade the level of interference of those factors with their night’s sleep.
The sleep of patients in our Intensive Care Unit was moderately deep, with light arousals and ease in falling sleep again. The average value on the Richards-Campbell Sleep Questionnaire was 52.92mm. The factors that significantly interfered with sleep were: pain (P=0.009), worries/anxiety (P=.01), staff voices (P=0.033), alarm/medical devices sounds (P=0.047) and peripheral intravenous lines (P=.036).
Our patients’ perception of a night’s sleep in the ICU was fair. Optimising pain management, answering questions or worries, minimizing background noise and voices have the potential to improve sleep quality.