This study states that Interventional approaches to managing intermittent claudication vary widely. According to Society for Vascular Surgery guidelines, any invasive treatment of claudication must offer long-term benefit at low risk of complications. Our aim was to evaluate contemporary claudication intervention patterns and functional outcomes. The Vascular Study Group of New England database (2003-2018) was queried for peripheral vascular interventions (PVIs), infrainguinal bypasses, and suprainguinal bypasses for claudication. Perioperative and 1-year outcomes were evaluated.

There were 7051 PVIs, 2527 infrainguinal bypasses, and 849 suprainguinal bypasses performed for claudication. Treatment levels were iliac (52.2%), femoral-popliteal (54%), and tibial (5.7%). Isolated tibial interventions were completed in 1.7% of patients. Infrainguinal bypasses were most often to the popliteal artery (81.2%); however, in 18.8% of cases, bypasses were to tibial targets. Suprainguinal bypasses originated primarily from the abdominal aorta (88.6%) but also from the axillary artery (10.6%) and thoracic aorta (0.8%). 

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