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Perceptions of key participants about Botswana adolescents’ risks of unplanned pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and HIV: Qualitative findings.

Perceptions of key participants about Botswana adolescents’ risks of unplanned pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and HIV: Qualitative findings.
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Magowe MKM, Seloilwe E, Dithole K, St Lawrence J,


Magowe MKM, Seloilwe E, Dithole K, St Lawrence J, (click to view)

Magowe MKM, Seloilwe E, Dithole K, St Lawrence J,

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Japan journal of nursing science : JJNS 2017 07 13() doi 10.1111/jjns.12177

Abstract
AIM
The qualitative research findings are reported on the perceptions of key participants in Botswana about adolescent sexuality problems and the feasibility (with suggestions) of an adolescent prevention intervention.

METHODS
Twenty adult key participants who were selected through purposive sampling from schools and youth centers responded to open-ended questions during face-to-face individual in-depth interviews that were conducted between December, 2011 and January, 2012 in Gaborone, Botswana.

RESULTS
The data were analyzed by using an inductive content analysis. Five major themes and 12 subthemes emerged from the interviews. The key participants discussed situations that exposed adolescents to HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and pregnancy. They also discussed unsafe sexual practices, the consequences of unprotected sex, poor parent-adolescent communication on sexuality, and the need for a sexuality education program.

CONCLUSION
Policy changes are needed to improve collaboration between adolescents, parents, teachers, and youth officers in order to address adolescent sexuality problems. Further research is needed to explore the ways in which to improve sexuality communication between these groups. The results of the study provide valuable information on the sexuality risks that expose adolescents to HIV, pregnancy, and sexually transmitted infections and the strategies for the prevention of these risks, thus informing targeted interventions for risk reduction for adolescents.

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