Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) often cause local kyphosis. Percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) is a common method for the treatment of local kyphosis. However, the influence of kyphoplasty on spino-pelvic alignment and global sagittal balance when performed at specific treatment sites in the spine remains unclear. The purpose of the study is to investigate the influence of different fracture sites and PKP treatment on the spino-pelvic alignment and global sagittal balance in patients with OVCFs.
90 patients with OVCF who underwent PKP were included in the retrospective study. According to the site of the fractured vertebrae, all the cases were divided into 3 groups: Main thoracic (MT) group (T1 to T9), Thoracolumbar (TL) group (T10 to L2) and Lumbar (LU) group (L3 to L5). 26 healthy elderly volunteers (aged over 59) were enrolled as the control group. Sagittal spino-pelvic parameters were measured on the full-spine radiographs preoperatively and postoperatively. Information of sagittal spino-pelvic parameters and global sagittal balance was gathered.
Compared with the Control group, TL group showed significant differences in almost all parameters, except pelvic incidence (PI) and lumbar lordosis (LL). While only local sagittal parameters (Thoracic kyphosis (TK), Thoracolumbar kyphosis (TLK), LL) were significantly different in MT group. There was no significant difference in almost all of the parameters except for PT and TPA in LU group. Correspondingly, the sagittal parameters of TL group improved best after PKP, except for thoracic kyphosis (TK) and sagittal vertical axis (SVA). In MT group, only TLK was significantly decreased, while in LU group, only local kyphosis Cobb angle and SSA were improved.
OVCF mainly occurs in the thoracolumbar region. Compared with MT group and LU group, OVCF occurred in the thoracolumbar region had greater influence on the spino-pelvic alignment and global sagittal balance. When PKP was performed, the improvement of sagittal balance parameters of TL group was the best in the three groups.