The process of treating brain cancer depends on the experience and knowledge of the physician, which may be associated with eye errors or may vary from person to person. For this reason, it is important to utilize an automatic tumor detection algorithm to assist radiologists and physicians for brain tumor diagnosis. The aim of the present study is to automatically detect the location of the tumor in a brain MRI image with high accuracy. For this end, in the proposed algorithm, first, the skull is separated from the brain using morphological operators. The image is then segmented by six evolutionary algorithms, i.e., Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), Artificial Bee Colony (ABC), Genetic Algorithm (GA), Differential Evolution (DE), Harmony Search (HS), and Gray Wolf Optimization (GWO), as well as two other frequently-used techniques in the literature, i.e., K-means and Otsu thresholding algorithms. Afterwards, the tumor area is isolated from the brain using the four features extracted from the main tumor. Evaluation of the segmented area revealed that the PSO has the best performance compared with the other approaches. The segmented results of the PSO are then used as the initial curve for the Active contour to precisely specify the tumor boundaries. The proposed algorithm is applied on fifty images with two different types of tumors. Experimental results on T1-weighted brain MRI images show a better performance of the proposed algorithm compared to other evolutionary algorithms, K-means, and Otsu thresholding methods.© 2021. Society for Imaging Informatics in Medicine.
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