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Pharmacologic Characterization of AMG8379, a Potent and Selective Small Molecule Sulfonamide Antagonist of the Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel NaV1.7.

Pharmacologic Characterization of AMG8379, a Potent and Selective Small Molecule Sulfonamide Antagonist of the Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel NaV1.7.
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Kornecook TJ, Yin R, Altmann S, Be X, Berry V, Ilch CP, Jarosh M, Johnson D, Lee JH, Lehto SG, Ligutti J, Liu D, Luther J, Matson D, Ortuno D, Roberts J, Taborn K, Wang J, Weiss MM, Yu V, Zhu DXD, Fremeau RT, Moyer BD,


Kornecook TJ, Yin R, Altmann S, Be X, Berry V, Ilch CP, Jarosh M, Johnson D, Lee JH, Lehto SG, Ligutti J, Liu D, Luther J, Matson D, Ortuno D, Roberts J, Taborn K, Wang J, Weiss MM, Yu V, Zhu DXD, Fremeau RT, Moyer BD, (click to view)

Kornecook TJ, Yin R, Altmann S, Be X, Berry V, Ilch CP, Jarosh M, Johnson D, Lee JH, Lehto SG, Ligutti J, Liu D, Luther J, Matson D, Ortuno D, Roberts J, Taborn K, Wang J, Weiss MM, Yu V, Zhu DXD, Fremeau RT, Moyer BD,

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The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics 2017 05 04362(1) 146-160 doi 10.1124/jpet.116.239590
Abstract

Potent and selective antagonists of the voltage-gated sodium channel NaV1.7 represent a promising avenue for the development of new chronic pain therapies. We generated a small molecule atropisomer quinolone sulfonamide antagonist AMG8379 and a less active enantiomer AMG8380. Here we show that AMG8379 potently blocks human NaV1.7 channels with an IC50 of 8.5 nM and endogenous tetrodotoxin (TTX)-sensitive sodium channels in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons with an IC50 of 3.1 nM in whole-cell patch clamp electrophysiology assays using a voltage protocol that interrogates channels in a partially inactivated state. AMG8379 was 100- to 1000-fold selective over other NaV family members, including NaV1.4 expressed in muscle and NaV1.5 expressed in the heart, as well as TTX-resistant NaV channels in DRG neurons. Using an ex vivo mouse skin-nerve preparation, AMG8379 blocked mechanically induced action potential firing in C-fibers in both a time-dependent and dose-dependent manner. AMG8379 similarly reduced the frequency of thermally induced C-fiber spiking, whereas AMG8380 affected neither mechanical nor thermal responses. In vivo target engagement of AMG8379 in mice was evaluated in multiple NaV1.7-dependent behavioral endpoints. AMG8379 dose-dependently inhibited intradermal histamine-induced scratching and intraplantar capsaicin-induced licking, and reversed UVB radiation skin burn-induced thermal hyperalgesia; notably, behavioral effects were not observed with AMG8380 at similar plasma exposure levels. AMG8379 is a potent and selective NaV1.7 inhibitor that blocks sodium current in heterologous cells as well as DRG neurons, inhibits action potential firing in peripheral nerve fibers, and exhibits pharmacodynamic effects in translatable models of both itch and pain.

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