In vitro reconstructed human corneal tissue models are closer to in vivo human corneal tissue in term of morphology, biochemical and physiological properties, and represent a valid alternative to animal use for evaluating the pharmacological effects ophthalmic topically applied medical devices. In this experimental work the in vitro reconstructed human corneal tissues have been used for assessing the potential beneficial effects of an innovative ophthalmic formulation containing hyaluronic acid, glycyrrhizin and TS-polysaccharide for the treatment of symptomatic states on the eye surface including dry eye, itching, foreign body sensation and redness due allergic reaction. Corneal tissues have been treated with benzalkonium chloride for 24 h to induce cell damage and then treated with the tested items for 16 h. After the incubation period, tissue viability, TNF-α, IL-6 and MMP-9 have been assessed. Diclofenac has been used as reference anti-inflammatory drug. The novel formulation protected the tissues against benzalkonium chloride damage, while exerted a mild but not significant reduction of the anti-inflammatory mediator TNF-α.
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