Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common type of cancer. Here, we studied the inhibitory effect of IRAK1 and IRAK4 as a preventive strategy using a colitis-induced tumorigenesis mouse model. CRC clinical data were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). An experimental inflammation-dependent CRC model was induced by treatment with azoxymethane (AOM) and then dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) in C57BL/6 mice. Mice were administered an IRAK1/4 inhibitor by intraperitoneal injection at 3 mg/kg twice each week for 9 weeks. The IRAK1/4 inhibitor attenuated histological changes and prevented tumor growth. Tumor-associated proteins, including p65 and Ki-67, were downregulated by the IRAK1/4 inhibitor in AOM/DSS-treated mice. Additionally, IRAK1/4 inhibitor administration effectively decreased the expression of inflammatory cytokines. Furthermore, we observed that IRAK1/4 inhibitor treatment attenuated colitis-induced tumorigenesis by inhibiting epithelial-mesenchymal transition. These observations indicate that inhibition of IRAK1 and IRAK4 may suppress experimental colitis-induced tumorigenesis by inhibiting inflammatory responses and epithelial-mesenchymal transition.
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