Caffeic acid is a phenolic compound widely found in commonly consumed foods such as pears, apples and coffee, and is pharmacologically known for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-asthmatic properties. However, its relaxant activity in the aorta, uterus and ileum smooth muscle has not been investigated. This study aimed to comparatively evaluate the effect of caffeic acid on smooth muscle from different organs (aorta, uterus and ileum), and the contractions of this different organ were induced by different agonists. The organ bath technique was used, where the organs were placed in different cuvettes with 10 mL of Tyrode solution for 1 h to stabilize, then, myometrial, intestinal strip and aortic ring contractions were evoked using different contractile agonists (KCl 60 mM, PHE, OT 10-2 IU/mL, CCh 10 M and BaCl 0.1-30 mM); increasing concentrations of caffeic acid (0.03-7 mM) were administered in the experimental preparations. In the presence of KCl (60 mM), caffeic acid caused relaxations with the following EC values: 2.7 ± 0.26 mM/mL (aorta), 5.7 ± 0.71 mM/mL (uterus) and 2.1 ± 0.39 mM/mL (ileum). When in the presence of different agonists, PHE (0.1 μM) for the aorta, OT (10 IU/mL) for the uterus and CCh (10 M) for the ileum, caffeic acid caused relaxations with EC values of: 2.7 ± 0.31 mM/mL; 2.2 ± 0.34 mM/mL and 2.0 ± 5.3 mM/mL, respectively. The inhibitory effect of caffeic acid on serotonergic (aorta and uterus) and muscarinic receptors (uterus and ileum), as well as its possible involvement with L-type Ca channels, was also observed. This study reports the pharmacological characterization of caffeic acid on smooth muscle from different organs, for which caffeic acid was more potent in the ileum. A diverse understanding of its performance as a possible therapeutic product is attributed to its relaxant effect.
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