Fibromyalgia is characterized by the amplification of central nervous system pain with concomitant fatigue, sleep, mood disorders, depression, and anxiety. It needs extensive pharmacological therapy. In the present study, Swiss mice were treated with reserpine (0.25 mg/kg, s.c.) over three consecutive days, in order to reproduce the pathogenic process of fibromyalgia. On day 4, the administrations of the Tx3-3 toxin produced significant antinociception in the mechanical allodynia (87.16% ±12.7%) and thermal hyperalgesia (49.46% ± 10.6%) tests when compared with the PBS group. The effects produced by the classical analgesics (duloxetine 30 mg/kg, pramipexole 1 mg/kg, and pregabalin 30 mg/kg, p.o., respectively) in both of the tests also demonstrated antinociception. The administrations were able to increase the levels of the biogenic amines (5-HTP and DE) in the brain. The treatments with pramipexole and pregabalin, but not duloxetine, decreased the immobility time in the FM-induced animals that were submitted to the forced swimming test; however, the Tx3-3 toxin (87.45% ± 4.3%) showed better results. Taken together, the data has provided novel evidence of the ability of the Tx3-3 toxin to reduce painful and depressive symptoms, indicating that it may have significant potential in the treatment of FM.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Ltd.