Maintaining phosphorus balance in in-center hemodialysis (ICHD) patients is problematic despite recommended dietary restriction, dialysis, and phosphate binder use. Rarely is P content in prescribed medications considered, but this source should raise concern. Data was obtained from the Fresenius Kidney Care (FKC) electronic data warehouse Knowledge Center and MedReview-eRx accessed Surescripts, housing > 80% of US-filled prescriptions. Adult FKC ICHD patients prescribed ≥ 1 medication in the MedReview-eRx database were analyzed (695,759 prescriptions). Information collected included medication dose, dose unit, dose timing, strength, start and stop dates, refills, demographic information, admission history, and modality type. Numbers of patients, prescriptions by individual medication, and drug class were then analyzed. Medications prescribed > 100 times were reported. Median doses/day (number of tablets) were calculated for each medication (open order on randomly selected day). Phosphate content of medications taken in FKC clinics was assessed using routinely used pharmacology references, and potential resulting phosphate and pill burden were also calculated. The top five prescribed drug classes in FKC dialysis patients were calcium-channel blockers (22%), proton pump inhibitors (PPIs; 18%), acetaminophen-opioid (AO; 13%), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi; 10%), and α2-agonists (9%). The maximum phosphate added for different medications varied by manufacturer. For instance, at median daily doses, phosphate contributions from the top five medications prescribed were 112 mg for amlodipine, 116.2 mg from lisinopril, 6.7 mg from clonidine, 0 mg from acetaminophen, and 200 mg for omeprazole. Prescribing these together could increase the daily phosphate load by 428 mg, forcing the patient to exceed the recommended daily intake (RDI) with food and drink. Phosphate content in medications prescribed to HD patients can substantially contribute to the daily phosphate load and, in combination, may even exceed the daily recommended dietary phosphate intake. Healthcare providers should monitor all medications containing phosphate prescribed in order to minimize risk of uncontrolled hyperphosphatemia and poor adherence. .
March 18, 2020
Reliability of a radiation-free, noninvasive and computer-assisted assessment of the spine in children with cerebral palsy.
February 10, 2020
Cardiovascular changes in children with obstructive sleep apnea and obesity after treatment with non-invasive ventilation.
August 20, 2020
July 29, 2018
- ACC 2020The American College of Cardiology decided to cancel ACC.20/WCC due to COVID-19, which was scheduled to take place March 28-30 in Chicago. However, ACC.20/WCC Virtual Meeting continues to release cutting edge science and practice changing updates for cardiovascular professionals on demand and free through June 2020.
- ENDO: 2020ENDO 2020 Annual Conference has been canceled due to COVID-19. Here are highlights of emerging data that has still been released. Keep an eye out for ENDO Online 2020, which will take place from June 8 to 22.
Psych Congress 2019The annual Psych Congress, held in San Diego, California, from October 3-6, 2019, brings together members of the entire mental health team, including psychiatrists, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, psychologists, and primary care physicians, with experts in mental health to improve patient outcomes through education.