In this study, we investigated whether local intramyocardial GATA4 overexpression affects the left ventricular (LV) remodelling process and the importance of phosphorylation at serine-105 (S105) for the actions of GATA4 in an angiotensin II (AngII)-induced hypertension rat model. Adenoviral constructs overexpressing wild type GATA4 or GATA4 mutated at S105 were delivered into the anterior LV free wall. AngII (33.3 µg x kg x h ) was administered via subcutaneously implanted minipumps. Cardiac function and structure were examined by echocardiography, followed by histological immunostainings of LV sections and gene expression measurements by RT-qPCR. The effects of GATA4 on cultured neonatal rat ventricular fibroblasts were evaluated. In AngII-induced hypertension, GATA4 overexpression repressed fibrotic gene expression, reversed the hypertrophic adult-to-foetal isoform switch of myofibrillar genes and prevented apoptosis, whereas histological fibrosis was not affected. Overexpression of GATA4 mutated at S105 resulted in LV chamber dilatation, cardiac dysfunction and had minor effects on expression of myocardial remodelling genes. Fibrotic gene expression in cardiac fibroblasts was differently affected by overexpression of wild type or mutated GATA4. Our results indicate that GATA4 reduces AngII-induced responses by interfering with pro-fibrotic and hypertrophic gene expressions. GATA4 actions on LV remodelling and fibroblasts are dependent on phosphorylation site S105.
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