To evaluate the efficacy of epithelium-on photorefractive intrastromal crosslinking (PiXL), a noninvasive procedure to reduce refractive error in patients with low hyperopia.
Gemini Eye Clinic, Zlin, Czech Republic.
Prospective single-center study.
Twenty-two low hyperopic eyes were enrolled and underwent PiXL treatment according to a standardized treatment protocol. Visual acuity, subjective distance refraction, keratometry, topography, pachymetry, subjective discomfort, and endothelial cell density (ECD) were recorded during 12-month follow-up.
In 22 eyes, the median manifest refraction decreased significantly (P < .0001) from +0.75 diopters (D) (interquartile range [IQR], +0.63 to +1.06 D), median and IQR) diopters (D) preoperatively to +0.25 D (IQR, 0.0 to +0.50 D) at 12-month follow-up and remained stable. Seventy-seven percent of eyes achieved refraction within ± 0.50 D of emmetropia by 1 month postoperatively and was stable through 12-month follow-up. ECD was stable and did not show significant changes. There was low incidence of postoperative pain and dry eye.
PiXL is a promising alternative to conventional laser refractive surgeries for low hyperopia. Further studies are warranted to optimize treatment parameters for a wider range of refractive errors and to evaluate the potential to improve precision.